Cataract is an eye condition formed due to clouding of the lens inside the eye. It commonly appears during old age.
Individuals with cataract condition have a difficulty in reading, recognizing people, identifying colors etc.
Cataract development is a gradual process of normal aging but occasionally takes place rapidly.
Other factors that may cause a cataract condition to develop are obesity, diabetes, hypertension, family history, side effects due to certain medicinal drug, etc.
Elite Eye Hospital has the latest technology and experienced surgeons who perform Micro Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS).
Types of cataracts:
Age-related cataracts : This type of cataract develops as a consequence of getting old (as black hair becomes white).
Congenital cataracts : Infants are sometimes born with a cataract condition as a result of an infection, injury or poor development before they are born, or they may arise during childhood.
Secondary cataracts : Secondary cataracts spring up as a consequence of other medical conditions, like diabetes or vulnerable to toxic substances, certain drugs (such as corticosteroids or diuretics), ultraviolet illumination, or irradiation.
Traumatic cataracts : Traumatic cataracts are formed due to an injury to the eye.
Other factors that can increase a person's risk of developing cataracts include cigarette smoke, air pollution, and heavy alcohol use.
Symptoms of Cataract:
Cataracts develops slowly and have few show symptoms until they noticeably block light.
Few of the symptoms include:
• Sight is cloudy, blurred, or dim vision.
• Changes in the manner you see color because the discolored lens acts as a filter.
• Problems with glare during the night time.
• Double vision
• Sudden changes in glasses prescription.
Causes of Cataract:
Cataract condition is formed in the lens of the eye. The lens is mostly made up of water and protein. Specific proteins within the lens are responsible for maintaining its clarity. Aging over the years causes the structures of these lens proteins to be change, and starts to cloud a small area of the lens.
With further increase in age, the lens continues to harden and starts to get more compact and cloudy, reducing initial quality of vision and later obstructing vision and interfering with day to day bodily functions. This cloudy opaque lens is called Cataract.
i)Before the surgery the patient is asked to eat a light breakfast.
ii) If a patient is diabetic, his sugar level will be rechecked just prior the surgery with the fast, one prick, method.
i)Drops are put to enlarge the pupil (Dilation of eye)
ii)The operation lasts for about 5-8 minutes
iii) In Micro incision cataract surgery (MICS) an incision is made which is less than 1.8 mm to perform the entire cataract surgery procedure.
Advantages of MICS:
i) Highly safe and reliable.
ii) MICS has a faster healing and recovery time.
iii) It is less invasive hence faster healing.
An ultrasound is used to break up the cataract using a technique called Phacoemulsification. The cataract is then removed with suction (Aspiration). The new artificial lens with correct power is then placed in the eye.
i) A protective sterile clean plastic cover or eyeglasses are positioned over your eye.
ii) On the first day slight itching and mild discomforts are normal after a cataract operation; these subside after one day.
iii) A complete one day rest is advised and the patient should avoid rubbing or pushing the eye.
iii) Head bath should be taken after 4 days with the eyes closed. Only after the doctors consent, one should take a head bath.
iv) No water should be used inside the eye for 15days.
iv) Regular eye drops should be used for a minimum of 30 days.
v) Patients are advised not move up any heavy objects.
v) Check up after one day of the operation and then regular checkup after every 15 days, 30days and 40 days following the surgery should be done depending on the doctor’s advice.
vi) After a period 40 days, glasses may be advised and prescribed by the doctor if required.
Call doctor immediately if following symptoms appear after operation:
• Excessive redness in the operated eye.
• Pain in the operated eye
• Excessive watering in operated eye
• Diminishing of vision
Elite eye hospital, Mumbai is a modern and well-equipped hospital with a wide range of facilities.