Corneal Transplantation Surgery

Keratoplasty also called as Corneal transplantation is a surgical operation where the damaged or the diseased cornea is replaced by a healthy donated corneal tissue. The corneal tissue is the front part of the eye that contains iris, pupil and anterior chamber.

Keratoplasty or Corneal transplantation can restore sight and improve the vision of those individuals with a damaged or a diseased cornea.

Types of Cornea Transplant:
i) Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK)
It involves removing the entire damaged or a diseased cornea and replacing with a donated healthy cornea.

ii) Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK)
In this procedure the anterior layers of the cornea is removed and replaced with a healthy donated corneal tissue.

iii) Endothelial Keratoplasty(EK)
This procedure involves removing the deeper parts of the endothelial layer in the cornea. Endothelial layer is a single layer of cells present on the inner surface of the cornea

Post Surgery for keratoplasty:
i) Patient can go home on the same day as the surgery.
ii) Regular use of eye drops is to help heal and prevent infection is advisable

Risks involved :
Sometimes the body rejects the transplanted tissue; the rejection can be controlled with help of eye steroid drops.
Other risks for keratoplasty include:
i) Bleeding
ii) Cataracts
iii) Infection of eye.
iv) Glaucoma( high pressure in the eye causing vision loss)
v) Swelling of the cornea

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