Squint is an eye condition where the two eyes are misaligned. Technically called as “Strabismus”, squint is more common in children and infants; but can take place at any age. Squint can be a constant condition or an intermittent condition i.e. squint is caused when eye muscles are fatigued.
In a newborn child, parents may find the infants eyes wandering during the first few months; because the babies are learning to focus their eyes and move it in a coordinated manner.
The actual cause of a squint is not always recognized. When a child is born with a squint then the condition is called as a Congenital Squint.
If squint appears later in life the condition is a called as an Acquired Squint. Acquired Squint happens when the eye is unable to focus the light through the lens. This condition is also called as a Refractive error.
Other causes for Strabismus (Squint):
i) Weak muscles or abnormal nerve impulse to eye muscles
ii) Illness like diabetes, high blood pressure, thyroid disorder, multiple sclerosis.
iv) Retinal disease, optic nerve disease, glaucoma, neoplasms of the eye (Tumor like growth in the eye)
How to understand the symptoms:
i) Eyes look misaligned
ii) Eyes do not move at the same instant
iii) Frequent blinking or squinting in bright sunlight.
iv) Tilting of heads to look at things
v) Faulty depth perception and blurred vision
Squint or “Strabismus” can be corrected with help of a surgery. The surgery involves adjusting the eye muscles, resulting in:
i) Improvement in the alignment of the eyes; allowing the eyes to work together.
ii) Ensuring a clearer vision.
During the procedure the surgeon detaches one part of the eye muscle, and runs it backwards to increase the pulling force or weaken the pulling force; depending on the patient’s condition.
The muscles are then stitched back with help of dissolvable stitches.
Non Surgical Treatment (Spectacles and Prisms):
The Squint condition caused by Refractive error can be evened out by prescribing proper spectacles. In an adult, double vision or blurred vision condition can be adjusted by incorporating prisms in the spectacles.
Post Surgery Recovery:
i) The eye is bandaged for a day after operation.
ii) Post surgery eye drops and regular follow ups are advised.
iii) Glasses may have to be used to preserve clarity of sight.
i) The probability of the Strabismus occurring is unique and differs for every individual.
ii) Red eye is a real common occurrence after squint surgery that resolves after 3-4 weeks.
iii) Double vision may happen after procedure, but resolves after a week or so.
Elite eye hospital, Mumbai is a modern and well-equipped hospital with a wide range of facilities.